A predominately Roman Catholic nation in Southern Western Europe and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and Spain. It is the Western-most nation of mainland Europe, around 92,212km2 and the home to around 10 million Portuguese peoples. The capital is Lisbon in central Portugal, and though once destroyed by the earthquake of 1755, it is now surviving well and flourishing.
This is the nation where the people are of Iberians, Celts, Romans, Germanics, and fought for the independence of their kingdom in 1139 and gained outside recognition on 5th October 1143. They led the Age of Exploration, building the first global empire that spanned almost every continent for 6 centuries before falling into decline from poverty and war. The empire became a republic on 5th October 1910, then dictatorship till the 'New State' regime was overthrown on the 25th April 1974, and the modern day republic was reinstated. They have been a member of the European Union ever since 1986, then adopting the euro as currency in 1999. Though old ideals are still valued, they are also embracing the new tides, allowing same-sex marriage in 2011.
The Portuguese language is spoken by 260 million people worldwide; it is the official language of Portugal, Brazil, Mozambique, Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau and São Tomé and Príncipe. It is also prevalent within Macau, Equatorial Guinea, East Timor, parts of India, Sri Lanka and Malaysia, as a result of colonial footholds. It is the 6th most spoken language in the world, and also known to be the language of poets, as Italian is the language of music.